'''Kurt Erdmann''' (9 September 1901, Hamburg
- 30 September 1964, Berlin
) was a Germany|German
art historian who specialized in Sasanian art|Sasanian
and Islamic Art
. He is best known for his scientific work on the history of the Oriental rug
, which he established as a subspecialty within his scientific discipline. From 1958 to 1964, Erdmann served as the director of the Pergamon Museum
, Berlin. He was one of the protagonists of the "Berlin school" of Islamic art history.